Asthma is amongst the most commonly found respiratory problems in India and worldwide. Statistics indicates that a large chunk of the population is suffering from the acute respiratory problem. Experts say that the number of patients is going to increase exponentially in the coming years.
What is Asthma?
The medical definition says that it is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airway which makes breathing difficult. As the tubes that fill air into the lungs swell, the patient gasps for Oxygen and becomes incredibly restless. Asthma triggers or allergens are responsible for the swelling.
Typically, shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing, and congestion in the chest are the common symptoms. However, the patterns may vary from patient to patient.
Since it is a chronic life-long ailment, there is always a chance of symptoms erupting suddenly. However, it is possible to manage it by keeping the lifestyle healthy and avoiding Asthmatic triggers.
When we breathe, the total process gets completed in two steps; inhaling and exhaling. When we inhale the air through our nostrils, it traverses to the lungs via trachea or windpipe. As it goes further, it reaches to a mesh of branching airways called Bronchi. The bronchi branches into tiny bronchioles which subsequently gets branched into tiny air sacs. The sacs are millions in number.
Oxygen in the air gets absorbed through the thin walls of the air sacs and subsequently to the blood vessels. Red blood cells carry the oxygen to the whole body.